“Cloud Computing is like pornography you can’t understand unless and until you watch”

Can Cloud Compute??? My answer is YES!!! Clouds can now compute.

Cloud Computing is now the hottest cake of the I T Industry, but still there are some people or many people who are not even aware of what cloud computing is, so this article is for those you want to know what exactly is cloud computing.

Cloud Computing makes computer infrastructure and services available “on-need” basis. The computing infrastructure could include hard disk, development platform, database, computing power or complete software applications. To access these resources from the cloud vendors, organizations do not need to make any large scale capital expenditures. Organization need to “pay per use” i.e. organization need to pay only as much for the computing infrastructure as they use. The billing model of cloud computing is similar to the electricity payment that we do on the basis of usage. In the description below vendor is used for cloud computing service provide and organization is used for user of cloud computing services.

The primary advantage of the cloud computing is scalability here is an example:

*Official Wimbledon site

The site gets extremely high traffic in the two weeks when the championship happens. For this two weeks period this site will have high server usage. For rest of the year the site will need to only pay for the reduced usage. In general organizations do not need to bear the cost of computing infrastructure for their peak loads. The usage of computing resources can be increased or reduced on need basis, is called elastic computing.

Classifications of Cloud Computing:

*Public Clouds:In Public cloud the computing infrastructure is hosted by the cloud vendor at the vendor’s premises. The customer has no visibility and control over where the computing infrastructure is hosted. The computing infrastructure is shared between any organizations.

*Private Clouds:The computing infrastructure is dedicated to a particular organization and not shared with other organizations. Some experts consider that private clouds are not real examples of cloud computing. Private clouds are more expensive and more secure when compared to public clouds. Private clouds are of two types: On-premise private clouds and externally hosted private clouds. Externally hosted private clouds are also exclusively used by one organization, but are hosted by a third party specializing in cloud infrastructure. Externally hosted private clouds are cheaper than On-premise private clouds.

*Hybrid Cloud:Organizations may host critical applications on private clouds and applications with relatively less security concerns on the public cloud. The usage of both private and public clouds together is called hybrid cloud. A related term is Cloud Bursting. In Cloud bursting organization use their own computing infrastructure for normal usage, but access the cloud for high/peak load requirements. This ensures that a sudden increase in computing requirement is handled gracefully.

*Community Cloud:involves sharing of computing infrastructure in between organizations of the same community. For example all Government organizations within the state of California may share computing infrastructure on the cloud to manage data related to citizens residing in California.

Different Business Models of Cloud Computing:

*Infrastructure as a Service(Iaas):involves offering hardware related services using the principles of cloud computing. These could include some kind of storage services (database or disk storage) or virtual servers. Leading vendors that provide Infrastructure as a service are Amazon EC2, Amazon S3, Rackspace Cloud Servers and Flexiscale.

*Platform as a Service (PaaS) involves offering a development platform on the cloud. Platforms provided by different vendors are typically not compatible. Typical players in PaaS are Google’s Application Engine, Microsofts Azure, Salesforce.com’s force.com .

*Software as a service (SaaS) includes a complete software offering on the cloud. Users can access a software application hosted by the cloud vendor on pay-per-use basis. This is a well-established sector. The pioneer in this field has been Salesforce.coms offering in the online Customer Relationship Management (CRM) space. Other examples are online email providers like Googles gmail and Microsofts hotmail, Google docs and Microsofts online version of office called BPOS (Business Productivity Online Standard Suite).

Other Business Models of Cloud Computing:

  1. Storage-as-a-service
  2. Database-as-a-service
  3. Information-as-a-service
  4. Process-as-a-service
  5. Application-as-a-service
  6. Platform-as-a-service
  7. Integration-as-a-service
  8. Security-as-a-service
  9. Management/Governance-as-a-service
  10. Testing-as-a-service
  11. Infrastructure-as-a-service.
  12. Identity as a service.

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